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The Bottom Line (100)

From The Bottom Line on March 21, 2019, 9 p.m.

Feedback frenzy (p07470h4.mp3)

It's hard to buy anything these days without being asked to rate or review it. Evan Davis and guests look at how have businesses such as Tripadvisor, Feefo and Checkatrade have altered the relationship between companies and consumers? Do you trust the wisdom of crowds more than an expert's view? Guests Matt West, Chief Executive of Feefo Rob Paterson, Chief Executive of Best Western Hotels GB Caroline Wiertz, Professor of Marketing and Associate Dean for Entrepreneurship at the Cass Business School in LOndon

From The Bottom Line on March 14, 2019, 9 p.m.

Internships (p073kkb9.mp3)

For many graduates an internship has become the default route to full-time, paid employment. But getting a good placement is competitive and in some cases poorly paid or unpaid. What does this mean for social mobility and diversity in the workplace? Evan Davis and guests discuss the pros and cons of internships. GUESTS Sarah Churchman, UK Head of Inclusion, Diversity and Wellbeing, PwC Amalia Illgner , Freelance journalist and a former intern Oliver Sidwell, Co-founder, Rate My Placement

From The Bottom Line on March 7, 2019, 9 p.m.

The personalisation revolution (p072wcqr.mp3)

Technological advances have made it easier for businesses to offer us more personalised goods and services, from customised cars to clothes that fit better and pioneering cell and gene therapies to target serious illnesses. How far can this personalisation revolution go? GUESTS Darrin Disley, Chief Executive of cell therapy company, Mogrify Georgina Silvester, Chief Operating Officer (designate), Handelsbanken UK Karl Howkins, Managing Director, Citroen UK Kate Ancketill, Chief Executive of GDR Creative Intelligence

From The Bottom Line on Feb. 28, 2019, 9 p.m.

Magazines (p07276mg.mp3)

There are more than two-and-a-half thousand consumer and business magazine titles on sale in the UK. What is the appeal of magazines and how does the business endure in spite of falling advertising revenues and declining circulation figures? GUESTS Wolfgang Bau, President, Conde Nast International Terri White, Editor-in-Chief, Empire Magazine Rebecca McGrath, Senior Analyst, Media, Mintel

From The Bottom Line on Feb. 21, 2019, 9 p.m.

Are auditors fit for purpose? (p071lpkf.mp3)

What's the point of an audit if it fails to detect when a company's about to go under? The sudden collapse of BHS, Carillion and Patisserie Valerie has dented public confidence in the firms that audited them and prompted calls for a shake-up of the audit industry. Would more competition in the sector, which is dominated by four big players, drive audit quality up? Do accountants need to be more robust in challenging company figures? Joining Evan Davis for The Bottom Line: Bill Michael, UK Chairman and Senior Partner at KPMG. Jac Berry, Audit Partner and UK Head of Quality at Mazars and Christopher Humphrey, Professor of Accounting at the Alliance Manchester Business School

From The Bottom Line on Feb. 14, 2019, 9 p.m.

Behavioural science in the workplace (p070s6n6.mp3)

Understanding how humans think and what makes them tick can be enormously helpful if you're running a company. Luckily behavioural science is on hand to do just that. How far can its use improve decision making in businesses? Joining Evan Davis are: Octavius Black, CEO and Co-founder of MindGym David Halpern, CEO, The Behavioural Insights Team Kim Atherton, Chief People Officer, Ovo Energy and CEO and Founder of Just3Things

From The Bottom Line on Feb. 7, 2019, 9 p.m.

University Businesses (p0704pt0.mp3)

Higher education in the UK is an astonishingly successful British industry, with an income of almost £35 billion a year. Universities have expanded hugely with more students from home and abroad. But uncertain times lie ahead. Tuition fees are under review and some people in the sector argue Brexit may make it harder to attract students from EU countries. Are universities sustainable as businesses? Guests: Professor Nick Petford, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Northampton Professor Trevor McMillan Vice-Chancellor of Keele University Dr Helen Carasso, Department of Education, Oxford University

From The Bottom Line on Jan. 31, 2019, 9 p.m.

The Internet of Things (p06zlhsy.mp3)

The Internet of Things promised to revolutionise the way we live and work but what has it delivered and what more is it capable of doing? Join Evan Davis and guests as they discuss The Internet of Things. GUESTS Kevin Ashton, Author who coined the phrase the Internet of Things Caroline Gorski, Global Director of R2 Data Labs, Rolls Royce Plc Paul Beastall, Head of Strategy, Cambridge Consultants

From The Bottom Line on Nov. 22, 2018, 9 p.m.

Business in the era of #MeToo (p06skjg3.mp3)

Has the #MeToo movement made businesses change the way they deal with sexual harassment and gender equality claims in the workplace? Does the law around non-disclosure agreements - often used to hush up this kind of behaviour - need to be changed? Evan Davis and guests discuss. GUESTS Samantha Mangwana, Employment Lawyer, Partner, CM Murray Zelda Perkins, Campaigner and Theatrical Producer Octavius Black, CEO and Co-founder, TheMindGym

From The Bottom Line on Nov. 15, 2018, 9 p.m.

Super-premium drinks (p06rvx9v.mp3)

There has been an explosion in the number of craft ale breweries and small-scale gin distilleries in recent years. The so-called super premium alcohol sector is growing. Why are these drinks popular among consumers? Is this a passing fad or is the drinks business facing fundamental change? Evan Davis and guests discuss. Guests: Tina Warner-Keogh, partner and co-owner of Warner Edwards Gin Distillery Laura Edwards, general manager at Meantime Brewing Company and Andrew Geoghegan, global consumer planning director at Diageo

From The Bottom Line on Nov. 1, 2018, 9 p.m.

The Experience Economy (p06qj22m.mp3)

There is some evidence to suggest we are falling out of love with buying material things. Instead, we want to splash out creating memories that last a lifetime. What does the growth of what's known as the experience economy mean for businesses? Evan Davis and guests discuss. Guests Tristram Mayhew, Group Chairman, Go Ape! Myf Ryan, Chief marketing officer Europe, Unibail-Rodamco-Westfield Nick Johnson, Founder and co-Director, Market Operations

From The Bottom Line on Oct. 25, 2018, 9 p.m.

Plastics (p06pv1xy.mp3)

Plastic is arguably one of the world's greatest inventions. Its' qualities allow it to be used in everything from food packaging to clothes and cars. But discarded plastic clogs up our rivers and oceans threatening marine life creating a consumer backlash. So what can the industry do to restore its reputation and how? Evan Davis and guests discuss. GUESTS Lubna Edwards, Global Sustainability Director, Klockner Pentaplast Roger Baynham, Managing Director, Philip Tyler Polymers and Chair of the Recycling Group, British Plastics Federation Adrian Griffiths, CEO and Founder, Recycling Technologies.

From The Bottom Line on Oct. 18, 2018, 9 p.m.

Shortages (p06p6knl.mp3)

No supply chain is immune from disruption and shocks. From extreme weather to strikes and cyber crime, what causes a supply chain to fail? Join Evan Davis and guests. Guests Tim O'Malley, Managing Director of Nationwide Produce Richard Oldroyd, Regional Managing Director of Persimmon Homes Liam Fassam, Associate Professor of Supply Chain Geography and Research Director at the University of Northampton

From The Bottom Line on Oct. 4, 2018, 8:30 p.m.

Rewriting the rules of Business (p06myn87.mp3)

Business has undergone seismic changes over the past decade; do the rules of business need to be re-written? If so, who should write them and what should they say? Evan Davis and guests discuss. GUESTS Ian Taylor, Chairman, Vitol Dame Helena Morrissey, Head of Personal Investing, Legal & General Investment Management Wendy Tan White, Partner, BGF Ventures

From The Bottom Line on July 26, 2018, 9 p.m.

The Festival Business (p06fs7nr.mp3)

There are thousands of festivals in the UK each year and millions of us go to them. But as an organiser how do you make any money? Do logistics and the British weather make them a risky business? Every year festivals get cancelled and some cease trading. Profit margins are tight, say organisers, and set-up costs are high. A big festival may have to pay more a million pounds to secure a top headline act. Evan Davis and guests discuss mud, music and hard cash. Guests: Syima Aslam, co-founder and director of the Bradford Literature Festival Ian Stockley, chief executive of the Bath Festivals. Simon Taffe, co-founder of the End of The Road Festival.

From The Bottom Line on July 19, 2018, 9 p.m.

Advertising (p06f5tbn.mp3)

The UK has been a global leader in the Advertising Industry since the end of the last century. But like many businesses it's now facing disruption from technology. Pop up banners on the internet and social influencers are cheaper and more immediate. Evan Davis and guests discuss whether a data driven approach to advertising will eventually kill creativity. GUESTS Sir John Hegarty, Co-Founder BBH Rohan Midha, Managing Director, PMYB Rory Sutherland, Vice-chairman, Ogilvy Producer: Julie Ball.

From The Bottom Line on July 12, 2018, 9 p.m.

How does the commodities business work? (p06dkyx6.mp3)

Commodities are the raw materials which oil the wheels of the modern economy. From minerals to crude oil to coffee, Evan Davis and guests look at how the business of buying and selling commodities works and why it matters to all of us. GUESTS Andrew Gowers, Global Head of Corporate Affairs, Trafigura Jean-Francois Lambert, Founder, Lambert Commodities Colin Hamilton, MD Commodities Research, BMO Capital Markets.

From The Bottom Line on July 5, 2018, 9 p.m.

Why do companies do bad things? (p06cxqhc.mp3)

Social media giants mishandle data, banks mis-sell PPI insurance, engineers arrange for cars to cheat emissions tests. Why do companies sometimes do bad things? Evan Davis and guests discuss whether it's by accident or deliberate. Coverage of business wrongdoing often focuses on bad individuals but how far can a company's culture be blamed? Guests: Nick Leeson, the original 'rogue trader' Sara George, Partner, Stephenson Harwood Adrian Furnham, Professor of Psychology, Norwegian Business School.

From The Bottom Line on June 28, 2018, 9 p.m.

Should CEOs have term limits? (p06c9747.mp3)

In some countries politicians have fixed term limits. What would happen if the same principle applied to CEOs? On average bosses in the UK stay for just under six years. But founder chief executives stay much longer. Evan Davis and guests discuss whether chief executives know when their time is up? Guests: Martin Gilbert, co-ceo, Aberdeen Standard Investments. Margaret Heffernan, author and entrepreneur Catherine Bright, a leadership consultant with Spencer Stuart.

From The Bottom Line on June 21, 2018, 9 p.m.

Franchising (p06bqtl7.mp3)

Is becoming a franchisee a good way to start your own business? Evan Davis and guests discuss the ups and downs of franchising. GUESTS Ken Deary, Franchisor Right at Home Rachana Pancholi, Franchisee, Subway Roz Goldstein Goldstein Legal Producer: Julie Ball.

From The Bottom Line on June 14, 2018, 9 p.m.

Is any company ever invulnerable? (p06b1m1c.mp3)

Facebook, Apple, Google, or Amazon. Dominant companies that today look unassailable. But similar claims were made about MySpace, Tesco, Microsoft, Kodak and Polaroid. However, these companies turned out to be more vulnerable than anyone thought. Evan Davis and guests discuss invulnerability, complacency and hubris in corporations. Guests: Sean Percival, entrepreneur and former Vice President for Online Marketing at MySpace Dr Kamal Munir, Reader in Strategy and Policy at the Judge Business School, University Of Cambridge Martin Franklin, Head of Global Marketing at Polaroid Originals.

From The Bottom Line on June 8, 2018, 6:23 p.m.

Co-working Spaces (p069jwpk.mp3)

Evan Davis hosts the business conversation show.

From The Bottom Line on June 8, 2018, 4:51 p.m.

Will 5G revolutionise our lives? (p069jk6j.mp3)

The next generation of mobile technology - 5G - will be rolled out from 2019. It will enable faster streaming on our mobile phones and tablets and speed up the 'internet of things', allowing thousands of computers to 'talk' to each other. The fifth generation mobile network also has applications that could be used in public safety and healthcare. But will the UK build the infrastructure - installing more fibre and small communications masts - to benefit from this new technology? Joining Evan Davis for the debate will be: Derek McManus, Chief Operating Officer at Telefonica UK, which owns O2. Professor Dimitra Simeonidu, Director of the Smart Lab at Bristol University and Kyle Brown, Head of Technology at Samsung Electronics.

From The Bottom Line on April 10, 2018, 11:21 a.m.

Teenage Business Entrepreneurs (p063vbjc.mp3)

As children few of us have had experience of running a business. But this week we'll be hearing from four teenage entrepreneurs who have been honing their business skills in one case, since the age of 6. Evan Davis hears their stories. GUESTS Kate and Annie Madden, Co-founders, FenuHealth Henry Patterson, Founder and Director, Not Before Tea Rebecca Patterson, Not Before Tea Akshay Ruparelia, Founder and CEO, Doorsteps.co.uk.

From The Bottom Line on March 29, 2018, 9 p.m.

The EU after Brexit – A special programme together with The Briefing Room (p062rp1c.mp3)

Radio 4’s Bottom Line and Briefing Room will combine in a special hour-long programme examining the economic and political future of the EU once Britain has left. Evan Davis meets Jean-Claude Trichet – former president of the European Central Bank – and is joined by a panel of business leaders from across the EU. David Aaronovitch will look at the politics of the EU and its future direction. France’s President Macron has outlined a vision of a profoundly transformed and more unified EU. But do all the EU’s members support such a vision? And what might a more integrated bloc on its doorstep mean for Britain? Producers: Tim Mansel, Serena Tarling and Lesley McAlpine

From The Bottom Line on March 15, 2018, 9 p.m.

Do corporate headquarters still matter? (p0617t5n.mp3)

The tech giant Apple has just spent five billion dollars building a campus in California's Silicon Valley. It's not alone in its architectural ambitions. The new Facebook HQ in London features trees, grass and plants. So what does a corporate headquarters tell us about a business? Is it an opportunity for a company to show off its wealth and attract the best talent or is it folly? Evan Davis and guests explore what the latest trends in corporate architecture reveal about our business leaders. Guests: Ken Shuttlewoth, founder of Make Architects Helen Berresford, head of interior design at Sheppard Robson Architects and Deyan Sudjic, director of the Design Museum.

From The Bottom Line on March 9, 2018, 7:10 p.m.

Is strategy necessary for success? (p060nh83.mp3)

What is strategy and why do businesses need it? What distinguishes a good strategy from a bad one or a non-strategy? Not to be confused with goals or a company's ambition, strategy is a word that is often mis-used and misapplied. But in reality it can make the difference between success and failure - especially if it's adaptable to changes in the market. Evan Davis looks at where companies have got strategy right and where it's gone badly wrong. GUESTS: Michael Jacobides - Associate Professor of Strategy and Entrepreneurship at The London Business School. Jacqueline de Rojas, President of Tech UK Ann Cairns, President of International Markets, MasterCard.

From The Bottom Line on March 1, 2018, 9 p.m.

The Ethics of Business (p05zp03y.mp3)

Are 'ethical' businesses all they're cracked up to be? Evan Davis and guests discuss the newest type of certification in ethical business, the B Corp, and ask if it'll catch on. GUESTS Katie Hill, Executive Director, B Lab UK Wendy Chapple, Associate Professor in Management and member of the Responsible and Sustainable Business Lab, Nottingham Business School Jean-Cristophe Laugee, Vice-President, Nature and Cycle Sustainability, Danone.

From The Bottom Line on Feb. 23, 2018, 6:38 p.m.

Who Owns British Companies? (p05z5d7l.mp3)

What has happened to Margaret Thatcher's dream of creating a nation of shareholders? Over the last decade there's been a big increase in the amount of foreign ownership. ONS figures show foreign investors now own over fifty per cent of shares listed on the stock exchange. Evan Davis and guests discuss why this has happened and whether it matters. GUESTS John Dawson, Founding Partner, Statera Gillian Karran-Cumberlege, Founder, Fidelio Partners Gervais Williams, Fund Manager, Miton Group.

From The Bottom Line on Feb. 15, 2018, 9 p.m.

Turning Tables (p05ypghx.mp3)

Evan Davis and guests discuss why some restaurant chains thrive and others fail. Why are so many chains closing down branches now? GUESTS Paul Campbell, Founder, Hill Capital Partners LLP Angela Hartnett, Chef and Owner of Murano, Café Murano and Merchants' Tavern Sarah Willingham, Entrepreneur and Investor.

From The Bottom Line on Feb. 9, 2018, 7:28 p.m.

The Shock of the New (p05xp2v2.mp3)

Evan Davis and guests discuss the relationship between three important pillars of modern society: science, business and the consumer. Is the public right to be suspicious of business and the science it's selling? Why do some us fear GM foods, nanotechnology, AI and gene editing? GUESTS Jackie Hunter, Chief Executive, Benevolent Bio Justin King, Vice-Chairman and Head of Portfolio Businesses, Terra Firma Kriti Sharma, Vice-President of Artificial Intelligence, Sage.

From The Bottom Line on Feb. 2, 2018, 8:10 p.m.

How to Build a Bridge (p05wy5x6.mp3)

Civil engineers would argue they are the unsung heroes of the railways, roads and bridges we all take for granted. But building major infrastructure projects is a complicated business. So how do you go about putting up a bridge? Are you limited by engineering or economics? Evan Davis tries to find the answer from three civil engineers. GUESTS Mike Glover, Arup Fellow Louise Hardy, Civil Engineer, Non-Executive Director Sirius Minerals and Ebbsfleet Development Corporation Katy Toms, Senior Engineer, WSP Engineering Consultancy.

From The Bottom Line on Nov. 23, 2017, 9 p.m.

Sir Terry Leahy (p05p093y.mp3)

In the final programme of the current series Evan Davis will be talking to Sir Terry Leahy, former Tesco CEO, in front of an invited audience at Sir Terry's old school, St. Edward's College, Liverpool.

From The Bottom Line on Nov. 16, 2017, 9 p.m.

Department Stores (p05n534d.mp3)

Are you being served? Where do you shop - online, a department store or one of the large shopping centres around the country? Evan Davis looks at the competitive business of running a mixed retail outlet, or department store, and asks can they survive? GUESTS Tony Brown, CEO, Beales Department Stores Stacey Cartwright, CEO, Harvey Nichols, David Fischel, CEO, INTU Shopping Centres.

From The Bottom Line on Nov. 10, 2017, 5:21 p.m.

Foreign Investment in the UK (p05mplx0.mp3)

What makes the UK an attractive place for foreign companies to invest in? Britain has tended to enjoy high levels of inward investment thanks to its open economy. How might this change when the UK leaves the EU? Evan Davis and guests explore the topic. Joining Evan Davis are: Ian Robertson, Global Head of BMW sales and marketing Vera Wei, Chief Executive of Sloan Education David Landsman, Executive Director of Tata Limited.

From The Bottom Line on Nov. 9, 2017, 9 p.m.

Pets Mean Pounds (p05mnmcx.mp3)

In the UK we spend £4.5 billion a year on domestic pets. Where does the money go? Evan Davis and guests discuss the business of keeping pets. GUESTS Lynne Hill, Chief Executive of Linnaeus Group of veterinary practices Dean Richmond, Managing Director of retailing chain, Pets Corner Ashley Gray, Managing Director of Vetsure Pet Insurance.

From The Bottom Line on Oct. 26, 2017, 9 p.m.

Agents (p05kym14.mp3)

This week the programme looks at the business of agents. What exactly do they do and are they adding value to their clients' careers? Evan Davis discusses their role with three agents from the worlds of show business, football and books. GUESTS Professor Jonathan Shalit, Chairman, InterTalent Rights Group Anna Davis, Literary Agent. Founder and Creator of Curtis Brown Creative Writing course. Curtis Brown Group James Featherstone, Founder and Owner, OmniSports Producer: Julie Ball.

From The Bottom Line on Oct. 20, 2017, 5:15 p.m.

Is there a business case for having a diverse workforce? (p05khn59.mp3)

What is the business case for having a diverse workforce? Evan Davis and guests debate whether a mix of talents in the workplace leads to better companies and translates into more profits. Joining the programme: Ruby McGregor-Smith, former Chief Executive of MITIE, and author of a government commissioned review: Race in the Workplace. Jane Farrell, group Chief Executive of Equality Works Scott Page, author of The Diversity Bonus.

From The Bottom Line on Oct. 12, 2017, 9 p.m.

Shake-up in the skies (p05jqq3k.mp3)

What's behind the recent collapse of airlines such as Monarch, Alitalia and Air Berlin? Is it a case of supply outstripping demand or is there a larger crisis looming? Will Ryanair's cancellation of thousands of flights do the company permanent damage? What's really happening to Europe's airline industry? Evan Davis and guests discuss. GUESTS John Strickland, Aviation consultant Peter Duffy, Chief Commercial Officer, EasyJet And Roger Flynn, Chairman, Loveholidays.com.

From The Bottom Line on Oct. 5, 2017, 8:30 p.m.

Batteries (p05kq0fr.mp3)

Is battery technology the key to decarbonising energy and reinventing transport? If so, can the current technology, Lithium-Ion batteries, evolve quickly enough to meet growing demand. If capacity is the problem, is Lithium-ion the answer and what are the alternatives? Can we expect to fly in battery powered aeroplanes in the near future? Join Evan Davis and his guests as they discuss the future of the power of batteries. GUESTS Huw Hampson-Jones, CEO Oxis Energy Cyrille Brisson, Vice-President, Eaton Chris Morrison, Head of Peaking Plant, Centrica.

From The Bottom Line on July 27, 2017, 9 p.m.

There's no business like show business (p059md5c.mp3)

There's no business like show business. Evans Davis and guests explore the success story that is UK theatre. From splashy musicals, and classic revivals to cutting edge new dramas the sector makes more than a billion pounds in ticket sales a year. But there's trouble on the horizon. Public subsidies for theatres are being cut back. Can corporate giving and donations from philanthropists continue to plug the shortfall? Guests Brenna Hobson, National Theatre of Scotland Kate Varah, the Old Vic, London Rachel Tackley, Chichester Festival Theatre.

From The Bottom Line on July 20, 2017, 9 p.m.

Cost cutting and business transformation (p05934sd.mp3)

What is the best way of cutting costs and transforming a business? Bosses often have to prune their operations - either to reinvest the cash to grow the business in other directions or because costs have got out of control. But can cuts go too far and damage an organisation? It was reported that British Airways' computer meltdown earlier this year was caused in part because the company had moved too quickly to make efficiency savings. It now faces paying its customers millions of pounds in compensation. Evan Davis and panel discuss the good, bad and the ugly of cost cutting and business transformation. Guests: Ashley Almanza, Chief Executive of G4S Gavin Oldham, founder of Share Radio Marco Amitrano, head of consulting at accountants, PWC.

From The Bottom Line on July 6, 2017, 9 p.m.

One Company, Many Brands (p057y6jw.mp3)

Evan Davis discusses the reasons why some companies have multiple brands. Is it to bamboozle or does it help consumers navigate the wide variety of choices? Can there be too many? When does product proliferation make sense? Evan talks to three guests: a brand consultant, a marketing executive from drinks company Diageo and a representative from Johnson & Johnson about how we can better understand the world of brands. GUESTS Robert Jones - Brand consultant at Wolf Olins and a visiting professor at the University of East Anglia Jana Ignatova - Head of Baby global franchise for EMEA at Johnson & Johnson Ed Pilkington - European Marketing and Innovation Director at Diageo.

From The Bottom Line on June 29, 2017, 9:05 p.m.

Land - the mother of all monopolies (p0575qhr.mp3)

Evan Davis presents the business magazine.

From The Bottom Line on June 22, 2017, 9 p.m.

When Robots Take our Jobs (p056ly2w.mp3)

Are white collar workers under threat from the new robotic workforce? Manufacturing companies have been replacing production line workers with robots for years, but as the technology becomes more advanced, they are being increasingly used in healthcare, law firms and HR departments. So is the white collar worker under threat? Evan Davis talks to three guests, a roboticist, an Artificial Intelligence consultancy worker and the CEO of a hotel chain who is already using robots in his business. GUESTS Thrishantha Nanayakkara - Roboticist, Imperial College Dr. Michael Chui - Partner, IT and innovation, McKinsey Global Institute Hubert Viriot - CEO, Yotel.

From The Bottom Line on June 15, 2017, 9 p.m.

Corporate Espionage (p05609vm.mp3)

Corporate theft has played a big part in business history from Porcelain and Tea from China, to the French attempting to get their hands on the blueprint for the Spinning Jenny. In this week's programme Evan Davis and guests discuss more modern copyright infringement and how to protect against it. GUESTS Chris Morgan-Jones, Crime fiction author and Consultant, K2 Intelligence Vicki Salmon, Lawyer and Patent Attorney, IP Asset Partnership, Council Member of the Chartered Institute of Patent Attorneys and Chair of CIPA's Litigation Committee Mandy Haberman, Director and Founder of Haberman Products Limited.

From The Bottom Line on June 8, 2017, 10:30 p.m.

The Future of Farming (p05593tp.mp3)

What's the future for UK Farming? Evan Davis meets three food producers from across the country to talk about the daily challenges of farming in Britain today. Guests include one of the biggest carrot producers in the country, a Wiltshire Beef farmer and Deputy President of the National Farmers Union and a lowland sheep farmer whose herd shares the land with cadets from the Ministry of Defence in Kent. GUESTS Guy Poskitt, Managing Director, M H Poskitt Ltd Marie Prebble, Lowland Sheep farmer Minette Batters, Beef farmer and Deputy President of the National Farmers Union.

From The Bottom Line on June 2, 2017, 2:13 p.m.

The Bottom Line: Can We Trust Big Business? (p054qrt6.mp3)

Business and its place in society is a prominent issue at the moment. Zero hours contracts, executive pay, tax avoidance are all issues where opinion has shifted dramatically. Has Shareholder driven capitalism finally gone too far? In a special programme recorded at the Royal Academy of Engineering in front of a live audience, Evan Davis talks to the former BP CEO, Lord John Browne on his thoughts about big business as it relates to society. And asks whether it's now time to trust big business?

From The Bottom Line on March 30, 2017, 8:30 p.m.

Britain's nuclear future (p04yjb66.mp3)

Britain's multi-billion pound nuclear dream. EDF is building the country's first new nuclear power station in decades at Hinkley Point C in Somerset. But that's just the start. Two other companies also have dreams of bringing nuclear to sites in Cumbria and on Anglesey. But the financing and logistics of these projects are tough. Power stations cost billions to build and investors won't see returns for more than five years. Critics of the nuclear option argue that renewables - wind and solar power - would be a better option to generate electricity. Just what are the options and the costs involved? Three nuclear rivals join Evan Davis. Guests: Humphrey Cadoux-Hudson, managing director, nuclear new build, EDF Energy UK Duncan Hawthorne, chief executive, Horizon Nuclear Power Tom Samson, chief executive, NuGeneration Nuclear Power Dame Sue Ion, chair of the Nuclear Innovation and Research Advisory Board.

From The Bottom Line on March 23, 2017, 9 p.m.

Migrant Entrepreneurs (p04xrf0m.mp3)

Migrant entrepreneurs create one in seven businesses in the UK. This week Evan Davis talks to three entrepreneurs who all arrived from overseas with very little and then went on to create a successful business. GUESTS Tony Kitous, Founder, Comptoir Libanais Razan Alsous, Yorkshire Dama Cheese Surinder Arora, Founder and Chairman, Arora Group.

From The Bottom Line on March 16, 2017, 9 p.m.

Fintech (p04x1mjq.mp3)

The UK is a world leader in financial services technology, otherwise known as fintech. Presenter Evan Davis asks how Britain has beaten Silicon Valley and what challenges fintech poses to traditional banking? Guests: Antony Jenkins, Founder and Executive Chairman, 10x Future Technologies Ishaan Malhi, Founder, Trussle.com Eileen Burbidge, Co-founder, Passion Capital Producer: Julie Ball.

From The Bottom Line on March 9, 2017, 9 p.m.

The Secrets of Fixing a Price (p04w43rk.mp3)

From budget airline seats to insurance, Evan Davis discovers the secrets of pricing.

From The Bottom Line on March 2, 2017, 9 p.m.

How does stuff get to us? (p04vg7w5.mp3)

How does a can of Italian tomatoes reach the supermarket shelf and a car manufacturer receives its parts in time? Evan Davis finds out about the hidden transport networks that bring goods from around the world to our high street shops and factory floors. Joining Evan to discuss the business of logistics are: Paul Dyer, CEO of DHL Supply Chain Maggie Simpson, Executive Director of the Rail Freight Group , the representative body for rail freight in the UK Oliver Treneman, Park Development Director, DP World London Gateway Producer: Julie Ball.

From The Bottom Line on Feb. 23, 2017, 9 p.m.

The UK Space Industry (p04ts9jv.mp3)

The UK space industry is growing faster than the wider economy. Its application is broad - from manufacturing satellites, earth observation projects, to advanced research and design for space exploration. The government aims to capitalise on all this activity and wants the UK to have its own space port for commercial flights and satellite missions. The programme will hear from the country's top small satellite manufacturer and from a firm developing a revolutionary hypersonic propulsion engine. Evan Davis's guests are: Catherine Mealing-Jones, UK Space Agency Mark Thomas, Reaction Engines Patrick Wood, Surrey Satellite Technology Producer: Lesley McAlpine.

From The Bottom Line on Feb. 16, 2017, 9 p.m.

Managing Workplace Relationships (p04t31yf.mp3)

We spend a third of our life at work so it's inevitable that relationships blossom, whether it's a one night stand at the Christmas party or one that becomes a long term partnership. How do companies handle the issues that can arise from office romance? Evan Davis and his guests discuss the solutions. GUESTS Neil Morrison, Director, Strategy, Culture and Innovation. Penguin Random House Helen Farr, Partner, Employment Law Group, Fox Williams Danielle Harmer, Chief People Officer, Metro Bank.

From The Bottom Line on Feb. 9, 2017, 9 p.m.

The Challenges of Running a Charity (p04sc8bj.mp3)

How can people running charities balance doing good, maximising income, while retaining public trust? The sector is undergoing changes in regulation in the wake of scandals involving fundraising and governance. Evan Davis meets the experts. Taking part are: the chairman of the new Fundraising Regulator, Lord Grade of Yarmouth; Jayne Clarke of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution and Simon Gillespie from the British Heart Foundation.

From The Bottom Line on Feb. 2, 2017, 9 p.m.

Care Homes (p04rnv55.mp3)

The care home business is heading for a crisis according to Evan Davis's guests in this edition of The Bottom Line. The cost of providing care in this labour-intensive business has increased significantly because of the introduction of the National Living Wage. The fees paid by local authorities on behalf of poorer residents no longer cover the cost of providing accommodation, food and staffing. Care homes make up the shortfall by charging higher fees to privately funded residents. Social care analyst William Laing tells Evan Davis that private payers subsidise publicly funded residents by, on average, £8000 per annum. But this is not an option in less affluent areas with a shortage of fee paying clients. John Ransford of the HC-One group provides care for mainly publicly funded residents. He tells Evan that 24 hour care for the elderly has to be provided for less than the cost of a night in a Travelodge. Evan's guests believe that the care sector's business model is unsustainable. Find out what they think will happen next. Guests: Dr. Jane Townson. Chief Executive Officer, Somerset Care Group John Ransford, Non-Executive Director, HC-One William Laing, Founder and a Director of Laing Buisson, Healthcare Intelligence Company Producer: Julie Ball.

From The Bottom Line on Jan. 27, 2017, 1:25 p.m.

Negotiating a Trade Deal (p04qzp9q.mp3)

Brexit means the UK government will have to negotiate trade agreements with the EU and the rest of the world. Trade deal experts share their tips with presenter Evan Davis. Guests include: Janice Charette, Canadian High Commissioner to the UK Tim Cullen, founder and director of Oxford Programme on Negotiation Producer: Julie Ball.

From The Bottom Line on Nov. 17, 2016, 8:45 p.m.

17/11/2016 (p04gfbqg.mp3)

If the word auction conjures up pictures of a man with a gavel in a packed room shouting 'going, going, gone' - think again. These days governments and businesses rely on complicated online auctions to buy and sell. Auctions are also the preferred mechanism for the allocation of radio spectrum licences to mobile phone companies and the selling of mineral rights. Auctions come in a huge variety of forms, and the precise design can have a dramatic effect on the outcomes. Do you know a sealed bid from a "combinatorial clock" auction? Evan Davis and guests discuss the business of auctions. Guests include: Dan Maldoom, DotEcon Samantha Collett property developer Stephen Lerner, 3 UK Producer: Lesley McAlpine.

From The Bottom Line on Nov. 11, 2016, 6:25 p.m.

The Future of the Car Industry (p04g0n06.mp3)

The future of the car industry. How car manufacturers are joining forces with "ride hailing" companies like Uber and why the future might be driverless. Evan Davis and guests discuss. Disruptive technology has made seismic changes to several business models: think Apple iTunes and the music industry or Netflix and our television viewing habits. It seems that the car industry might be next. Unlike their predecessors, car manufacturers are joining forces with the technology companies. Google with Ford, Uber with Volvo, General Motors with Lyft, pooling their expertise and resources. Joining Evan Davis on the programme are three guests who will talk about the hopes and fears for the industry and what this will mean for the rest of us. GUESTS Georg Ell, Director, Western Europe, Tesla Motors Matteo de Renzi, CEO, Western Europe, Gett and Dr. Eberhard Zeeb, Senior Manager, Function and Software Driving Assistance, Daimler Producer: Julie Ball.

From The Bottom Line on Nov. 3, 2016, 8:45 p.m.

The Youth Market (p04f163b.mp3)

Evan Davis and guests explore the fast moving world of selling to 18-24 year olds. Collectively, that age group has billions to spend. Individually, many are strapped for cash. So how do companies get their attention and their money? The answer seems to be: market your brand using social media. Link up with a celebrity with millions of followers and watch the money roll in. That's the theory. Forget old style television adverts. That age group isn't watching the box - they're on their mobiles. Joining the programme will be: Josephine Hansom from Youth Sight; Philip O'Ferrall, Viacom International Media Networks and Simon Beckerman from Depop. Producer: Lesley McAlpine.

From The Bottom Line on Oct. 27, 2016, 8:45 p.m.

Selling Corporate Baby (p04d9w8r.mp3)

Starting a business is often compared to bringing up a baby, and with good reason: it's costly, gives you sleepless nights and requires your attention during every waking moment. But what happens when it is time sell the business you have nurtured? Three successful entrepreneurs talk to Evan Davis about the feelings of relief and regret which can accompany selling off a business. GUESTS Liz Earle, Co-founder of Liz Earle Naturally Active Skincare William Kendall, Chairman, Cawston Press Jules Coleman, Co-founder of Hassle.com.

From The Bottom Line on Oct. 20, 2016, 8:45 p.m.

Activist Investors (p04clmmk.mp3)

Are activist investors good or bad for the firms they target? They hunt down companies they think are underperforming. They buy a stake in the business, then lobby for change. Critics say activists want to make a fast buck and then head for the exit. But you could regard these investors as doing a valuable service - challenging poorly performing company boards and making more profit for shareholders. Top UK names like Rolls Royce and John Menzies have been affected. Explore the world of activist investors with Evan Davis. Joining him will be: activist investor, Harlan Zimmerman, senior partner at Cevian Capital; Chris Walton, a company chairman and non-executive director; and Sacha Sadan, director of corporate governance at Legal and General Investment Management. Producer: Lesley McAlpine.

From The Bottom Line on Oct. 13, 2016, 8:45 p.m.

Careers without College (p04bs6j8.mp3)

Why are more top employers offering school leavers a fast track career without the need to go to university? Applicants for the top Degree Apprenticeships need to get good A level grades and pass a rigorous selection process. Their reward is the opportunity to earn a living while they gain a degree and qualify as a professional. Evan Davis discusses the pros and cons of such schemes with a high flying apprentice and two employers who are competing with universities for the brightest and best school leavers.

From The Bottom Line on Oct. 6, 2016, 8:45 p.m.

Brexit: What Next? (p04b4kbz.mp3)

How do you do business when you can't see into the future? This may be what businesses always have to do, but Brexit has undeniably made the future even harder to discern than usual. When will it happen, what relationship with Europe will follow, and how will the rest of the world react? For now we don't know, but the answers to those questions will affect every business in Britain. So how are companies planning for an uncertain future while at the same time trying to ensure that whichever model of Brexit emerges is one that suits their needs. Joining Evan Davis are: Karen Briggs: Head of Brexit - KPMG Gerald Mason: SVP - Tate & Lyle Sugars Gavin Williams: Partner - Herbert Smith Freehills Producer: Joe Kent.

From The Bottom Line on Sept. 29, 2016, 8:45 p.m.

Theresanomics (p049dncv.mp3)

Theresa May has promised a bigger role for the state in business. The previously unfashionable concept of a comprehensive industrial strategy is back on the agenda. There is a new wariness about foreign investment in strategic industries such as electricity generation. Mrs May also wants to see employee representatives on company boards. Presenter Evan Davis discusses "Theresanomics" with a panel of entrepreneurs and corporate leaders. Guests include: Elizabeth Corley, vice-chair of Allianz Global Investors David Pitt-Watson, former Chair of Hermes Focus Funds and co-author of The New Capitalists Producer: Julie Ball.

From The Bottom Line on July 21, 2016, 9 p.m.

How to Build an Olympics (p0421g7z.mp3)

The Olympics Games is the biggest sporting event on earth. But the road to a successful Olympics can be more gruelling than a marathon. With less than two weeks to go until the opening ceremony in Rio, Evan Davis and guests discuss the difficulties of managing the money, the politics and the people. GUESTS: Neil Wood MBE, Partner, Deloitte and former CFO of London Organising Committee for the Olympic Games (LOCOG) Gerhard Heiberg, International Olympic Committee (IOC) member and President and CEO of Lillehammer Winter Olympic,s 1994 Professor Andrew Zimbalist, Sports Economist, Smith College Massachusetts, Consultant and Author Producer: Julie Ball Editor: Innes Bowen.

From The Bottom Line on July 14, 2016, 9 p.m.

Brave or Naive? (p041ffhj.mp3)

Is escaping the rat race always a good idea? Many people dream of giving up the day job to start their own business - and we often hear about the success stories. But does everyone have what it takes? Evan Davis and guests compare the dream and the reality. GUESTS: Luke Johnson, Entrepreneur and Founder of Risk Capital Partners Paula Fry, former Director, Fashion Seeker UK Sarah Meredith, Sole Trader, Rock Cakes Deirdre Critchley, former Director, Jammy Cow Producer: Elizabeth Cassin.

From The Bottom Line on July 7, 2016, 9 p.m.

The Price of Life (p040qpyn.mp3)

It's hard to put a value on a human life. When you're well, perhaps you don't think about it. But if you're ill, getting access to the right drugs, whatever the cost, is a priority. But the NHS does not have a bottomless pit of money. And some medicines are judged too expensive to be freely available, so patients miss out on treatments that could save or extend their lives. There are usually two villains of the piece: The drugs companies for charging too much; the NHS for not stumping up the cash. In this edition, Evan Davis and guests explore how pharmaceutical companies price their drugs, the role of the NHS in deciding how much the medicines are worth and, in the case of generic or non-branded drugs, they'll ask whether competition is working properly to keep down the NHS medicines bill. Guests: Erik Nordkamp, Managing Director, Pfizer UK Carole Longson, Director of the Centre for Health Technology Evaluation at NICE, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Warwick Smith, Director-General, British Generic Manufacturers Association Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on June 30, 2016, 9:02 p.m.

Life after Brexit (p0400lhn.mp3)

How will the vote to leave the EU affect big and small businesses in the UK? Evan Davis and guests discuss trade deals, tariffs and 'passporting' rights that allow UK-based firms to sell financial products and services from Britain to EU customers. They'll also explore how companies can turn the current economic uncertainty into business opportunities. Guests: Anne Richards, CEO, M & G Investments Juergen Maier, CEO Siemens UK Julia Gash, Founder and CEO, BIDBI Jan Atteslander, EconomieSuisse Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on June 23, 2016, 9 p.m.

How to Negotiate (p03yjvpg.mp3)

Most of us negotiate in some form or other every day - whether it's about who walks the dog, how much screen-time the kids can have or when to visit the in-laws. But too often we treat it like a competitive sport, with only one aim: to win. Which can backfire, especially when you need co-operation later on. It's much the same in business - negotiating to win at all costs is unlikely to result in a long-term, sustainable business relationship. So how to achieve a win-win situation when both sides leave satisfied and ready to do business with each other again? Evan Davis and guests explore the skills that can help settle disputes between individuals, companies and even nations. They'll discuss when to walk away from the negotiating table and they'll find out what happens when doing a deal is literally a matter of life and death. Guests: Tim Cullen, Director, Oxford Programme on Negotiation, Said Business School Bridie Warner-Adsetts, COO, Naylor Industries Sue Williams, Hostage Negotiator Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on June 16, 2016, 9 p.m.

The Finance of Films (p03yjty2.mp3)

The business of film. Evan Davis follows the money trail from script to screen. With the help of a top independent film producer, a film distributor and the head of a top cinema chain, Evan discovers who takes the risks and who makes the money behind the scenes. Guests Alex Hamilton, Managing Director, Entertainment One UK Elizabeth Karlsen, Producer and co-founder, Number9 Films Tim Richards, CEO, Vue International.

From The Bottom Line on June 9, 2016, 9 p.m.

Old Dog, New Tricks (p03xt95j.mp3)

It is not easy to teach new tricks to the business world's old dogs. The latest fashionable solution for big corporations slowed down by bureaucracy and traditional ways of thinking is to incubate tech start-ups. The idea is that the big corporation benefits from the creativity and "can do" attitude of the start-up. In return the start-up gets funding, professional advice and help navigating the corporate world to reach the top decision makers. The model is known as "corporate acceleration" and it is growing in popularity. Evan Davis hears how it works. GUESTS: Jess Williamson, Director, Techstars with Barclays FinTech Accelerator David Fogel, Head of Accelerator & Deputy Director at Wayra UK Emily Forbes, Founder, Seenit Producer: Julie Ball.

From The Bottom Line on June 2, 2016, 9 p.m.

Profit or plunder? (p03x2b33.mp3)

Asset management - or asset stripping? This week Evan Davis asks when making a profit from running a business becomes simple plundering. In business, things go wrong at the best of times ... mistakes are made, luck turns bad. But sometimes things can also go wrong not because of bad luck, but because someone makes money out of failure. The "profit or plunder" question has been raised by events at BHS. It was struggling, facing intense competition in a tough retail environment. But the owner took quite a bit of money out of the company. And the staff pension fund went into deficit. Sir Phillip Green, who was then in charge, sold the business to an inexperienced former bankrupt who didn't make it work and it is now in administration. This has made a lot of people angry - but aside from BHS, how do we distinguish between a case that is bad luck, a bad apple, or a system that is badly designed? Joining Evan Davis in the Bottom Line studio this week are Bruce Davis of peer-to-peer lender Abundance, Breffni Walsh of Brands Are Best and Garry Wilson of private equity firm Endless LLP.

From The Bottom Line on May 26, 2016, 8:30 p.m.

EU Referendum (p03wc403.mp3)

What does EU membership mean for UK business and how might that change if Britain votes to leave? Business leaders join Evan Davis to discuss how trade agreements and red tape can both help and hinder corporate success. What can Switzerland teach us about trading with Europe and beyond, despite being outside the EU? Guests: Jan Atteslander, EconomieSuisse Julia Gash, CEO, Bidbi Christopher Nieper, Managing Director, David Nieper Jayne-Anne Gadhia, CEO, Virgin Money Jon Moynihan, Chairman, Ipex Capital Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on April 4, 2016, 10:27 a.m.

Life after a Blockbuster (p03pzh6l.mp3)

Whether it's creating Angry Birds, the best-selling mobile app, or developing the best-selling Alzheimer's drug or discovering one of the world's biggest oil fields in recent years, every company dreams of blockbuster success. But what happens after you hit the jackpot? How do you sustain that level of success? And what's needed to adapt from small start-up to big business? Evan Davis and guests share the secrets of success and explore their experiences of trying to maintain their market position. Guests: Kati Levoranta, CEO, Rovio Entertainment (creators of Angry Birds) Dr David Jefferys, Global Senior Vice President, Eisai Pharmaceuticals Jón Ferrier, CEO, Gulf Keystone Petroleum Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on March 17, 2016, 9 p.m.

Lonely at the Top? (p03n1rvn.mp3)

Many senior executives now employ personal coaches to help them through their toughest business challenges. Coaches can provide confidential, independent support for senior managers who find life lonely at the top. But shouldn't the boss be capable of making decisions on his or her own? And are coaches sometimes the hidden power behind the senior executive throne? Guests: Gavin Patterson, CEO of BT Group Melanie Richards, Vice Chairman and Partner of KPMG UK Jonathan Bowman-Perks, Coach and Mentor Producer: Ruth Edwards.

From The Bottom Line on March 10, 2016, 9 p.m.

Horse Racing (p03m17m5.mp3)

Horse racing is the second most popular spectator sport in the UK but it is also a business. Presenter Evan Davis and guests discuss who makes the money: the horse owners, the jockeys, the race courses or the bookmakers? Guests: Simon Bazalgette, Chief Executive, The Jockey Club Rachel Hood, Director, The Horsemen's Group Ciaran O'Brien, Group Communications Director, William Hill bookmakers Producer: Julie Ball.

From The Bottom Line on March 3, 2016, 9 p.m.

Tax Avoidance (p03ldfdy.mp3)

Global firms like Amazon, Google and Starbucks have been criticised for using clever accounting tricks to reduce their tax bills in the UK. But how much tax should they be paying? Evan Davis and guests discuss the whys and wherefores of the international tax regime, including the role of tax havens. Along the way, they'll digest the "Dutch sandwich" and the "double Irish" tax avoidance devices used by some multinationals. And given the widespread perception that many firms don't pay their fair share of tax, they'll assess efforts by the world's major economies to rewrite the rules on corporate tax. Guests: Heather Self, Tax Partner, Pinsent Mason Rolf Rothuizen, Partner, RPS Legal, Amsterdam Anthony Travers, Chairman, Cayman Islands Stock Exchange Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on Feb. 25, 2016, 9 p.m.

Now We Are Ten (p03kmzhd.mp3)

The Bottom Line first broadcast on BBC Radio 4 in February 2006. At the time, Tony Blair was Prime Minister, interest rates were 4.5%, petrol was 90 pence a litre and a first class stamp cost 32p (half today's price). In a special edition, to mark ten years since the programme came on air, Evan Davis and guests discuss some of the big changes that have happened in the past decade, including: the global recession, record high and record low oil prices, a technology boom and China's extraordinary economic growth. How have businesses adapted to the changing world? Guests: Nicola Horlick, CEO, Money & Co Sir Ian Cheshire, Chairman, Debenhams Nicola Shaw, CEO, HS1 Ken Olisa, Founder and Chairman, Restoration Partners Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on Feb. 18, 2016, 9 p.m.

Data Privacy (p03jvpz3.mp3)

When you enter personal details onto any website or smartphone app, what happens to it? Where does it get stored, who owns it and who has access to it? These questions are becoming more relevant to ask as we put more details about every facet of our lives onto the internet. With a new piece of legislation passed in the EU dealing with this precise issue, businesses need to be up to speed with their knowledge on effective privacy management Evan Davis and guests discuss why personal data is so valuable to business, and how the individual can also benefit from sharing this information. Guests: Mike Gordon, CEO, Callcredit Information Group Liz Brandt, CEO, Ctrl Shift Eduardo Ustaran, Data Privacy expert and Partner, Hogan Lovells.

From The Bottom Line on Feb. 11, 2016, 9 p.m.

Customer Service (p03j3vmb.mp3)

All businesses rely on customers. So, why do some businesses bend over backwards to keep customers happy, and why do some of them appear not to care? What is the impact of poor customer service on a business and how much does it cost them to invest in improving their infrastructure? Evan Davis discusses dos and don'ts of customer service with an airline, an energy company and a retailer, all of which have tried to completely overhaul their image. Has it worked? Guests: Kenny Jacobs, Chief Marketing Officer at Ryanair; Neil Clitheroe CEO retail and generation at Scottish Power and Gary Booker, Chief Marketing Officer at Dixons Carphone Producer: Sally Abrahams Researcher: Sofia Patel.

From The Bottom Line on Feb. 4, 2016, 8:50 p.m.

Renewable Energy (p03hjnky.mp3)

After the Paris summit on climate change and the global commitment to cut carbon emissions, The Bottom Line is going green - with businesses that generate energy from the sun, the wind - and from cheese. And, whilst the government is committed to getting more of its energy from renewables, Evan Davis and guests discuss why green firms are seeing red over cuts to subsidies they say are vital to update ageing infrastructure. Guests: Juliet Davenport, CEO, Good Energy Jeremy Leggett, Founder, Solarcentury Paul Cowling, MD, RWE Innogy UK Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on Jan. 28, 2016, 9 p.m.

Managing the Boardroom (p03gqtgh.mp3)

After recent corporate scandals like VW's emissions' cheating, Tesco's accounting irregularities, Barclays interest-rate rigging, many asked why company board members failed to act. What happened to the checks and balances designed to curb management excesses? Evan Davis and guests look at how company boards operate and how to make them work effectively. They discuss the role of company directors, the skills and experience required and examine why some say 'Beware the charismatic CEO'. Guests: Sir David Walker, Former Chairman, Barclays plc Michael Jackson, Former Chair, The Sage Group plc Margaret Heffernan, Former CEO, entrepreneur and author Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on Nov. 19, 2015, 9 p.m.

The Northern Powerhouse (p037yw9f.mp3)

Can the Northern Powerhouse solve Britain's North-South economic divide? For now, the Northern Powerhouse is a concept: an idea that towns and cities in the north can unite, forming their own economic hub to rival London and the south east. So how to turn it into a reality? Evan Davis and guests are with an audience at the Greater Manchester Chamber of Commerce to discuss what kind of businesses will settle in the north of England and what needs to be done to encourage them to make the move. They'll talk about the frustrations of poor transport links, the joys of green spaces and the reasons why businesses like to cluster. Guests: Wayne Hemingway, Designer and entrepreneur, Hemingway Design Vanda Murray, an Independent Director, Manchester Airports Group Sir Richard Leese, Leader, Manchester City Council and Chair, Transport for the North Jo York, co-founder, Reframed TV Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on Nov. 12, 2015, 9 p.m.

Breaking the Mould (p0377236.mp3)

Rewriting the rules: what does it take to be a non-conformist? Evan Davis is joined by a banker, a brewer and a tech entrepreneur as they discuss how success can mean challenging the orthodox way of doing things. Guests: James Watt - Founder, Brewdog Ltd Sarah Wood - Co-founder, Unruly Media Anders Bouvin, CEO, Handelsbanken UK.

From The Bottom Line on Nov. 6, 2015, 11:10 a.m.

Financial Engineering (p0379mfn.mp3)

What does a financial engineer do? A mechanical engineer may design a machine, one that does a task or overcomes an obstacle, but what problems does modern finance solve? Can the clever manipulation of debt, equity or derivatives, really make human beings better off? Some think finance is a bit of a racket, designed to extract money from the enterprise of others; others think modern finance is a miracle that can create value from nothing. Evan Davis and guests try to get to the bottom of this argument on this week's The Bottom Line. Guests: John Kay - Economist and writer Jessica James - Head of the FX Quantative Solutions Group, Commerzbank Jon Moulton - Founder, Better Capital.

From The Bottom Line on Nov. 5, 2015, 9 p.m.

Fast Fashion (p036n34r.mp3)

From the design desk to the shop window, how do fast fashion brands deliver the latest trends in double-quick time? Evan Davis and guests discuss fabric, factories and a nimble supply chain. Guests: Catarina Midby, Sustainability manager, H & M; Carol Kane, Co-founder and Joint CEO, Boohoo; Kim Winser, Founder and CEO, Winser London. Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on Oct. 22, 2015, 8:30 p.m.

Sponsorship (p035908d.mp3)

Whether it's high-profile sports events or blockbuster art exhibitions, companies like Adidas and Unilever spend millions of pounds on sponsorship - to get their brand associated with sporting or artistic excellence. The global sponsorship market is worth more than 30 billion pounds a year, but what happens when negative publicity - like Fifa's World Cup corruption scandal - starts to tarnish a brand? Evan Davis and guests discuss whether sponsors should walk away or use their influence to press for change. Guests: Peter Mather, Group Regional Vice President for Europe, BP; Jan Gooding, Group Brand Director, Aviva; Jaimie Fuller, Chairman, Skins. Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on Oct. 15, 2015, 9 p.m.

Going Public (p0356xm1.mp3)

Companies like Royal Mail, Saga and the AA have recently listed their shares on the stock market. It gives them access to plenty of money to help them grow, but also means they're subject to public scrutiny. Evan Davis and guests discuss why firms decide to float and how they must adapt to becoming a plc. Guests: Martin Clarke, CFO, the AA; Dan Wagner, CEO, Powa Technologies; Gillian Karran-Cumberlege, Co-Founder, Fidelio Partners. Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on Oct. 7, 2015, 8:45 p.m.

Crisis at VW: A Bottom Line Special (p034mhqf.mp3)

Volkswagen is dealing with a corporate crisis following the emissions rigging scandal. Evan Davis and guests discuss. Guests: Sir John Egan, former CEO, Jaguar, former Chairman, Severn Trent Lord Browne, former CEO, BP Lucy Marcus, CEO, Marcus Venture Consulting Arndt Ellinghorst, Senior MD, Evercore ISI Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on Oct. 1, 2015, 9 p.m.

Art and the Business of Taste (p033ysm2.mp3)

How do you value something like a painting? What makes one artist worth more than another? Who decides what is in vogue and why do they have so much power in the art world? Evan Davis presents a discussion on taste and value in the art world with a panel including the British artist Grayson Perry. Guests: Grayson Perry - Artist Valeria Napoleone - Collector and Patron Ralph Taylor - Director, UK Board Contemporary Art, Bonhams.

From The Bottom Line on July 23, 2015, 9 p.m.

Supermarkets (p02xtsw3.mp3)

Food deflation, the rise of the discount grocers and continuing price wars. Evan Davis and guests discuss who are the long-term winners in the supermarkets' battle to gain market share. Guests: Mark Price, Managing Director, Waitrose Steve Murrells, CEO, Co-operative Foods Kevin Gunter, Chairman, Fulton's Foods Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on July 16, 2015, 9 p.m.

Entrepreneurs and Education (p02x4v8k.mp3)

Who needs qualifications for success? Three business leaders tell Evan Davis how they made it to the top after leaving school with just one A'Level between them all. Two of the guests explain how, having dyslexia and being labelled failures at school, made them even more determined to make a success of their lives. And they'll explore whether the skills to be an entrepreneur can be taught in the classroom. Guests: Jo Malone, CEO, Jo Loves Gary Grant, CEO, The Entertainer Mark Featherstone-Witty, CEO, Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts Producer: Jim Frank.

From The Bottom Line on July 9, 2015, 9 p.m.

Newspapers - to pay or not to pay? (p02x4g5p.mp3)

Despite widespread predictions of their demise and amid falling numbers of readers, newspapers are still with us. How are they adapting to the challenges of digital technologies? The industry is split on the issue of whether or not to charge readers for online. What is the best business model for newspapers to survive and prosper? Evan Davis and guests discuss. The guests this week are: John Ridding, Chief Executive of the Financial Times; Ashley Highfield, Chief Executive of the Johnson Press and Andrew Miller, out-going Chief Executive of the Guardian Media Group. Producer: Jim Frank.

From The Bottom Line on July 9, 2015, 9 p.m.

Newspapers - to pay or not to pay? (p02wlb1r.mp3)

Despite widespread predictions of their demise and amid falling numbers of readers, newspapers are still with us. How are they adapting to the challenges of digital technologies? The industry is split on the issue of whether or not to charge readers for online. What is the best business model for newspapers to survive and prosper? Evan Davis and guests discuss. The guests this week are: John Ridding, Chief Executive of the Financial Times; Ashley Highfield, Chief Executive of the Johnson Press and Andrew Miller, out-going Chief Executive of the Guardian Media Group. Producer: Jim Frank.

From The Bottom Line on July 2, 2015, 9 p.m.

Burger Battles (p02w1crb.mp3)

The British love fast food. Each year we munch our way through thirty billion pounds worth. On The Bottom Line this week Evan Davis and guests discuss the burgeoning burger market. There are new challengers to the traditional big boys, like Five Guys, who claim to offer better quality burgers and a "casual dining experience." Whilst one old famous brand from the 1970s, Wimpy, is attempting to make a come-back with re-branded restaurants and menu. But what's the recipe for success in this already over-crowded market? Guests: John Eckbert, Managing Director of Five Guys; Bruce Layzell, Managing Executive of International Markets at Famous Brands (the South African company who own Wimpy and Steers) And Martin Breeden, Regional Director of Intu, who own some of Britain's biggest shopping centres. Producer: Jim Frank.

From The Bottom Line on June 25, 2015, 9 p.m.

Angel Investors (p02v017p.mp3)

How to spot the next Google, Paypal or LinkedIn? Three successful entrepreneurs tell Evan Davis how they use their own money to back promising start-ups. Guests: Sherry Coutu, founder, Cambridge Business Angels Fiona Cruickshank, founder, Gabriel Investors Suzanne Biegel, founder, Clearly Social Angels Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on June 18, 2015, 9 p.m.

Outsourcing (p02tzxsq.mp3)

Outsourcing has had a bad press over the years: What with taxpayers being charged for tagging offenders who were dead, the fiasco over security at the London Olympics and the earlier trend for companies to shift operations to call centres in India. Evan Davis and guests look beyond the negative headlines to examine the pros and cons of getting an outside supplier to do some of your work. And they'll find out how outsourcing has enabled the creators of a chilli sauce to expand from the garden shed to the shelves of hundreds of stores. Guests: Rupert Soames, CEO, Serco Paul Blantern, CEO, Northampstonshire County Council Kuldip Singh Sehota, CEO Mr Singh's Sauce Producer: Sally Abrahams.

From The Bottom Line on June 11, 2015, 9 p.m.

Corruption (p02t9svd.mp3)

The scandal at FIFA is just the latest story of corporate corruption to dominate the news. What steps can businesses take to avoid getting caught up in corruption, particularly in countries and sectors where bribery is the norm? What is legitimate business conduct and what crosses the line into illegality? Evan Davis and his guests discuss: Emma Sharma, Chief Ethics and Compliance Officer for the Supreme Group Hugh Miles of The Al Shafie Miles Consultancy Leo Martin of Good Corporation Producer: Jim Frank.